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  • Ganesh Pyne
    Born : June 11, 1937 Kolkata
    Died : March 12, 2013
    Education :
    1959 Government College of Arts and Craft, Kolkata
    Ganesh Pyne is obsessed with death. He can't forget his first brush with death, in the summer of 1946, when communal riots had rocked Kolkata. His family was forced out of their crumbling mansion. As he roamed around the city, he stumbled upon a pile of dead bodies. On the top was the body of a stark naked old woman, with wounds on her breast. No wonder then his paintings rarely has light backgrounds, and blue and black happens to be his favorite colors. Death also finds its way back into his canvas through different motifs. Working mostly in tempera, his paintings are rich in imagery and symbolism.
    Pyne was born in Kolkata and grew up in a decaying mansion. He also grew up on stories told by his grandmother --- fold stories, mythological stories, and fairy tales. He spent several evenings in smoky Kolkata cafes discussing communism and Picasso with his friends. "My childhood memories revolve around Kolkata. The sounds and smells of this city fill my being. I love Kolkata."
    He doesn't remember the first time he started to paint, but does remember the anger that he drew from his family over his decision to become an artist. Pyne, nevertheless, took admission in the Government College of Arts and Crafts, Kolkata. "My first painting was 'Winter's Morning' which showed me and my brother going to school," he recalls. In 1963, he joined the Society for Contemporary Artists. During that period he made small drawings in pen and ink. "I did not have enough money then to buy color," Pyne says. This was also the period of experimentation. The anger and despair of the 70s fuelled one of the most fruitful periods' in his life as an artist that culminated in works like 'Before the Chariot' and 'The Assassin'.
    However, sometime in the 80s, he shut himself from the world, driven away by the jealousy and pettiness that the art bazaar arose among his friends.
    Initially, Pyne painted watercolors and sketches of misty mornings and wayside temples, variously influenced as he was by Walt Disney and the art of Abanindranath Tagore. He counts Hals Rembrandt and Paul Klee as the other influences.
    His signature style shaped from his own experiences of solitude, alienation, pain, horror and moods of tenderness and serenity comes to surface in each of his works. At times, these images are offshoots of an idea that may have flitted through his mind. At others, they resonate lines from poems that may have made an impression on his mind.
    The lines are bold, precise, controlled and the drawings that emerge are potent both in form and content. Stripped of color, they convey the architectonic quality in the structuring of the images.
    Equally devoted to cinema as he is to painting, Pyne has also drawn inspirations from movies made by Fellini and Ingmar Bergman. Today, he is known as the foremost exponents of the Bengal School of art.
    Pyne passed away in 2013.
    Selected Posthumous Exhibitions :
    2014 'Germinal', presented by Sanchit Art, New Delhi at India Art Fair, New Delhi 2013-14 'Transition', 20th Anniversary Show, Centre of International Modern Art(CIMA), Kolkata 2013 'Ideas of the Sublime', presented by Vadehra Art Gallery at Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi 2013 'A Tribute to Ganesh Pyne', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi Selected Solo Exhibitions 2010 'His Mahabharta', Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2006 'An Enchanted Space: The Private World of Ganesh Pyne', Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2005 'Ganesh Pyne: A Pilgrim in the Dominion of Shadows', a retrospective presented by Galerie 88, Mumbai at The Museum Gallery, Mumbai 2000 Exhibition of Drawings on Mahabharata 1967 to 1987at National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai 1998 ‘Ganesh Pyne : A Retrospective 1952-1998’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 1994 ‘Sketches’, The Village Gallery, New Delhi 1992 ‘Jottings’, The Gallery, Kochi 1991 ‘Jottings’, The Village Gallery, New Delhi 1990 Exhibition of Illustrations for book on Wajid Ali Shah, Galerie 88, Kolkata
    Selected Group Exhibitions :
    2012 'Diva', Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai 2012 'Extending the Line', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi 2011 'Adbhutam: Rasa in Indian Art', Centre of International Modern Art(CIMA), Kolkata 2010 'Yeh Image Mahan: India meets Bharat', Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2010 'Paper Trails', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi 2010 'Image and Symbol: Painters Perception', Aakriti Art Gallery, Kolkata 2010 'Symbols and Metaphors', Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2009 'Modern Continuous', Galerie 88, Kolkata 2009 'Master Class', The Arts Trust, Mumbai 2009 'Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art', Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 2009 'Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art', Grosvenor Gallery, London 2009 'The Root of Everything', Gallery Mementos, Bangalore 2008 'Modern and Contemporary Indian Art', Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi 2008 'Tales, Reflection and Constructs', ITC Windsor, Bangalore 2008 ‘Freedom 2008 : Sixty Years After Indian Independence’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2007 'Indigenous Modernity Various Trends', An Exhibition of Paintings by Senior Artists of West Bengal, Dedicated to the Memory of Bikash Bhattacharya at Aakriti Art Gallery, Kolkata 2007 ‘Tales, Reflection & Constructs’, organized by Galerie 88, Kolkata at ITC Windsor, Bangalore 2006-07 ‘Inventing / Inverting Traditions’, Grosvenor Vadehra, London 2005 ‘Special Works’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2005 ‘Drishti’, Bodhi Art, Singapore 2004 ‘Portraits of A Decade’, organized by Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai 2004 ‘Face-to-Face – 19th Century to Contemporary Portraiture’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2003 ‘Portraits of A Decade’, organized by Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2003 ‘Art of Bengal – A Vision Defined’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2003 ‘Art of Bengal – A Vision Defined’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata at Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi 2002 ‘Brahma to Bapu – Icons and Symbols in Indian Art’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2002 ‘Brahma to Bapu – Icons and Symbols in Indian Art’, organized by Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata at Visual Arts Gallery, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi 2001 ‘Art of Bengal Past and Present’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2001 ‘Art of Bengal Past and Present’, organized by Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata at National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), Mumbai 2001 ‘Works on Paper’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 2000 ‘Shatabadi’, organized by Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata at Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai 2000 ‘Shatabadi’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 1998 ‘Multimedia’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 1997 ‘Image-Beyond Image’, Contemporary Indian Painting from the collection of the Glenbarra Art Museum, Japan, exhibited at the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi ; Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata; Karnataka Chitrakala Parishad, Bangalore; National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai 1997 ‘Color of Independence’, organized by Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata in associastion with National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi at National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi 1997 ‘Tryst with Destiny – Art from Modern India’, organized by Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata and Singapore Art Museum, Singapore in association with National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi at Singapore Art Museum, Singapore 1996 ‘Chamatkara – Myth and Magic in Indian Art’, Whitley’s Art Gallery, London 1996 ‘Contemporary Indian Paintings’, Sotheby’s, London 1996 ‘Contemporary Indian Paintings’, Sotheby’s, New York 1995 ‘Fantasy’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 1995 ‘Contemporary Indian Paintings’, Sotheby’s, New York 1995 ‘The Tree of my Life’, The Village Gallery, New Delhi 1995 ‘Indian Contemporary Paintings’, Christie’s, London 1993 ‘Trends and Images’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata 1993 ‘Wounds’, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata and National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA), New Delhi 1993 ‘Reflections and Images’, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi 1993 Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai 1990 Galerie 88, Kolkata 1989 Galerie 88, Kolkata 1989 ‘Self Portraits’, New Delhi 1989 ‘Timeless Art’, The Times of India Sesquicentennial, Mumbai 1988 Galerie 88, Kolkata 1986 ‘Visions’, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata 1986 ‘Indische Kunst Heute’, Darmstadt, Germany 1982 ‘Indische Kunst Heute’, Darmstadt, Germany 1982 ‘Contemporary Indian Art’, Festival of India, Royal Academy of Arts, London 1982 ‘Modern Indian Paintings’, organized by National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) at Hirschorn Museum, Washington D.C. 1980 ‘Indian Painting Today’, Mumbai 1975 ‘Contemporary Indian Paintings’, Germany 1972 ’25 Years of Indian Art’, New Delhi 1970 Exhibition in aid of Menuhin School of Music, Royal Academy of Arts, London 1970 ‘Group Show’, Germany 1969 ‘Indian Painters ‘69’, Kolkata 1968 ‘World Youth Festival’, Prague 1961 Birth Centenary of Rabindranath Tagore, Kolkata 1957 Commemorative Exhibition 1957, First Indian Struggle for Independence, Academy of Fine Arts, KolkataParticipations :
    2012 'Crossings: Time Unfolded, Part 2', Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi 2011 'Ethos V: Indian Art Through the Lens of History (1900 to 1980), Indigo Blue Art, Singapore 2011 ‘Manifestations V', Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi 2011 'Roots in the Air, Branches Below: Modern & Contemporary Art from India', San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose 2011 'Time Unfolded', Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi 2010 'Manifestations IV', Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi 1980 ‘Contemporary Art of India’, Japan 1980 ‘Modern Asian Art’, Glenbarra Art Museum, Japan 1978 ‘Modern Asian Art’, Glenbarra Art Museum, Japan 1975 ‘International Festival of Paintings’, France 1975 ‘International Festival of Arts’, Cagnes-Sur-Mer 1971 II International Triennale, New Delhi 1970 Paris Biennale, Paris 1968 International Triennale, New Delhi 2016 Two Faces of Bengal Modernism GANESH PYNE & LALU PRASAD SHAW, New DelhiHonours and Awards :
    2011 Raja Ravi Varma Award from the Kerala Government 2009 D.Litt (Honarary), Netaji Subhash Open University, Kolkata 2008 Life Time Achievement Award, Star Ananda, Kolkata 2004 Abainindra Purashkar, Government of West Bengal 2003 D.Litt (Honoris Causa), Kalyani University 1997 Gagan Abani Puroskar, Visva Bharati 1985 Shiromani Puroskar, Asian Paints, Kolkata 1978 Artist of the Year, Sangeet Shyamala, Kolkata 1973 Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata 1957 Academy of Fine Arts, Kolkata 1956 Calcutta Art Society, Kolkata 1955 Government College of Arts and Craft, Kolkata

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