Style : Roy changed style from his academic Western training, and featured a new style based on Bengali folk traditions. His underlying quest was threefold: to capture the essence of simplicity embodied in the life of the folk people; to make art accessible to a wider section of people; and to give Indian art its own identity.
He spent most of his life living and working in Calcutta. Initially he experimented with Kalighat paintings but found that it has ceased to be strictly a patua and went to learn from village patuas. Consequently, his techniques as well as subject matter was influenced by traditional art of Bengal.
About the Artist and his work :
Born : Jamini Roy (1887 – 1972) was born in Bankura district, West Bengal.
Education : When he was sixteen he was sent to study at the Government College of Art, Kolkata. Abanindranath Tagore, the founder of Bengal school was vice principal at the institution. He was taught to paint in the prevailing academic tradition drawing Classical nudes and painting in oils and in 1908 he received his Diploma in Fine Art.
Exhibition : He was most influenced by the Kalighat Pat (Kalighat painting), which was a style of art with bold sweeping brush-strokes. He moved away from his earlier impressionist landscapes and portraits and between 1921 and 1924 began his first period of experimentation with the Santhal dance as his starting point.
Jamini Roy’s paintings were put on exhibition for the first time in the British India Street of Calcutta (Kolkata) in 1938. During the 1940s, his popularity touched new highs, with the Bengali middle class and the European community becoming his main clientele. In 1946, his work was exhibited in London and in 1953, in the New York City.
1934 – Received a Viceroy’s gold medal in an all India exhibition for one of his work.
1954 – The third highest civilian award, Padma Bhushan by the Govt. of India.
1955 – First Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi, the highest honour in the fine arts conferred by the Lalit Kala Akademi, India’s National Academy of Art, Government of India.